According to Ayurveda, the human body is a microcosm of the whole universe. The five elements – Space, Air, Fire, Water, and Earth – are the building blocks of you, me, and everything else in the universe.
These five elements combine to form the three doshas in Ayurveda:
- Vata is composed of Air and Space. It allows us to move and express ourselves.
- Pitta is composed of Fire and Water. It provides metabolic action.
- Kapha represents Earth and Water. It provides each of us with tissues.
The three doshas (and five elements) are present in all of us – but we all have a unique combination or proportion of elements.
Ayurveda is based on an understanding of three fundamental things:
- The nature of a person’s constitution or the Prakruti;
- The nature of the imbalance or the Vikruti; and
- The nature of the medicine/solution
PRAKRUTI: THE CONSTITUTION
A person's Prakruti is the inherent balance of the three doshas at the moment of their creation.
For example, people have tendencies that influence the thickness of the skin, the length of the fingers, the shape of the palm and the strength of digestion. In addition, there are tendencies toward a specific personality type and even how a person will react emotionally to stress.
VIKRUTI: THE NATURE OF THE IMBALANCE
It refers to the current state of the three doshas and how they are expressing themselves in the body and mind.
An important goal of Ayurveda is to understand a person's vikruti and then understand what aspects of a person's environment have contributed to the disturbance. Once known, the goal is to correct the environment. In this context, environment refers to both what a person takes in through their five senses as well as the nature of their lifestyle.
3 DOSHAS TRANSLATING TO SKIN CARE
The first step in the holistic ayurvedic approach to skin care is finding out your ayurvedic skin type.
- Vata skin tends to be dry, rough and thin, it easily gets dehydrated.
- Pitta skin is oily, warm and sensitive, it tends to have more breakouts.
- Kapha skin is typically thick, oily, cool and more tolerant of the sun.
"Combination" skin can be
- Vata-Pitta, skin that is both dry and sensitive;
- Kapha-Pitta, or oily and sensitive skin; and
- Vata-Kapha, skin that is generally dry with some oily zones.
Using plant extracts, herbs, flowers, essential oils, and minerals, the goal of Ayurvedic skin care is to bring the skin back into harmony with nature and the Prakruti.
Besides following the ayurvedic skin care practices according to your skin type, it is very important to make some lifestyle changes that work in conjunction to bring about the desired changes to our skin and in the way we look and feel about ourselves.
Lifestyle Changes for Vata Skin:
- Drink at least 2 liters of water per day.
- Stick to a regular daily routine.
- Incorporate meditation and relaxation techniques into daily life.
- Consume plenty of healthy fats such as avocados, ghee, olive oil, sesame seeds, and almonds.
Skin care for Vata skin:
- Skin care must include some essential oils or herbs in combination which can nourish the skin and rehydrate it; otherwise, it may be susceptible to wrinkles and premature aging.
- Apply warm oil to the body daily in a self-massage. This daily ritual protects joints, lubricates dry skin, and grounds anxiety-prone Vata types.
- Use a gentle, all-natural moisturizer such as to keep the skin hydrated at all times.
Recommended: Fizzy Fern Coconut and Almond Body Lotion
- Use a gentle, moisture-balancing cleanser.
Recommended: Fizzy Fern Coconut and Almond Body Wash
Fizzy Fern Coconut and Almond cold-pressed Soap
Lifestyle Changes for Pitta Skin:
- Consume plenty of coconut water, cook with coconut oil, and eat cooling foods such as avocados and bananas.
- Limit sun exposure.
- Limit intake of alcohol, coffee, spicy, oily, and fried foods.
Skin care for Pitta skin:
- The Pitta skin type needs both cooling and nurturing.
- Take extra care to protect your skin when you go out in the sun. Use a daily light sun protection lotion.
- Stay away from harsh, synthetic cosmetics; they can damage your sensitive skin and cause breakouts.
- Use gentle, natural skin care products for cleansing and moisturizing.
Recommended for cleansing: Fizzy Fern Pomegranate and Tamarind Body Wash
Fizzy Fern Pomegranate and Tamarind Soap
Fizzy Fern Peppermint and Aloe Vera Soap
Recommended for moisturizing: Fizzy Fern Green Tea and Aloe Vera Body Lotion
Fizzy Fern Peppermint Foot Cream
Lifestyle Changes for Kapha Skin:
- Detoxify the body (internally and externally) on a regular basis.
- Exercise daily.
- Eat plenty of organic vegetables and fruits to cleanse the body from the inside.
- Cook with warming spices such as ginger, cayenne, and black pepper, in order to stimulate the digestive fire, or agni, which cleanses the toxins, from the digestive tract.
Skin care for Kapha Skin:
- Kapha skin, because of its thickness and oiliness, is more prone to accumulate toxins under the skin.
- Perform weekly exfoliation with body scrubs and face packs.
- Perform regular self-massage to increase circulation and drain the lymphatic system. (Use light, heating, or warming oils such as mustard seed, grapeseed, or almond).
Skin Care for Combination Skin:
- Vata-Pitta skin: A person with Vata-Pitta skin should follow the recommendations for Pitta skin in summer and Vata skin in winter.
- Kapha-Pitta skin: This skin type should follow Pitta recommendations in summer and Kapha recommendations in winter.
- Vata-Kapha Skin: Vata guidelines are best suited for this skin type, with extra cleansing of the oily zones.